Applying Marzipan & Icing To A Cake: A Step-By-Step Guide

applying marzipan and icing to a cake: a step by step guide
Whether you’ve been feeding your Christmas cake for several months or you baked it just a few days ago, you’ve probably got an idea in mind of what the finished cake will look like. Most celebration cakes have a base which begins like this, and from here you can go wherever your imagination will take you!

I know many people are averse to marzipan (for reasons completely unfathomable to me!), but fruit cakes should always have a layer of marzipan between the cake and the icing. This is for two reasons. Firstly, a marzipan layer, allowed to dry for a couple of days, will seal the cake properly before applying the roll out icing (sugarpaste). Fruit cakes are often stored for long periods of time (not to mention displayed throughout Christmas) and moisture from the cake would otherwise eventually seep through the icing and discolour it. (If you’re icing the cake and serving it within a couple of days, you could probably get away without the marzipan). Secondly, a marzipan layer helps to provide a smooth base before the icing goes on and helps to give a professional finish. You don’t want bumpy icing now, do you? Incidentally, for the ‘smoothness’ aspect alone, I would always use marzipan beneath sugarpaste when making a non-fruit celebration cake, too – unless otherwise instructed.

If you’ve found this guide useful, please do let me know in the comments below!

The instructions below are for an 8″ round cake. The cake in the pictures is my Cherry Brandy Christmas Cake.

What you’ll need:
A thick cake board. I always use a 10″ diameter for an 8″ cake, as it makes carrying the cake a bit easier!
Pastry brush
A rolling pin
Marzipan spacers*
Icing smoothers/polishers*
100g smooth marmalade or apricot jam
750g marzipan
900g sugarpaste (roll-out or fondant icing) in your choice of colour. This amount will cover the cake and the surrounding cake board for a professional finish.
Double sided sticky tape and ribbon (1.5cm width) to cover the edge of the board (optional)

*Not essential, but inexpensive and very helpful to have.

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If the original ‘top’ surface of your cake is quite bumpy, carefully turn it over it over so that the bottom is facing upwards. You now have a smooth surface to work on! Warm the jam for a few seconds in the microwave until it is runny enough to spread evenly, but not too thickly, over the top and sides of the cake.

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Lightly knead the marzipan and place on a surface dusted with plenty icing sugar. (Do not use flour or cornflour). Roll out something resembling circle, with a thickness of about 0.5cm. Marzipan spacers are fantastic for rolling a totally even thickness. Rotate the marzipan after every few rolls – this will prevent it from sticking to the surface.

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I find it helpful to place the cake on its board at this point. Gently slide your hands under the marzipan and lift it on the the cake. Use the palms of your hands to smooth the top of the cake first, then mould the marzipan to the upper edges, working your way down the sides very slowly. Marzipan is quite malleable, so just keep going until the cake is covered. Aim for smoothness, but it doesn’t have to be perfect – remember the icing will cover any small imperfections.

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Trim off the excess marzipan and give it a final polish with an icing smoother, if you have one.  It is now best to leave the marzipan to ‘dry out’ for a couple of days. I place mine in a cardboard box so that the air can circulate, but the cake is still protected from dust etc. Do not put it in an airtight container. You will know when the marzipan has dried out – it will actually feel drier to the touch, almost as though the lightest crust has formed. Around 48hrs should do it. If you are eating the cake within a week or so, you can skip the drying out part if you need to.

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When the marzipan has dried out, lightly knead the sugarpaste and roll out (to a 0.5cm thickness) on a surface dusted with icing sugar. Once you’ve finished rolling, it is helpful to give it a quick polish with the icing smoother.

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Brush a little (cooled) boiled water over the marzipan and also the exposed board. (If you don’t want to ice the board, then obviously don’t wet it!) This is to make the sugarpaste stick. Lift and drape the sugarpaste over the cake, following the same process as the marzipan. It is helpful to remove any rings etc that might catch on the icing.

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Use the palms of your hands again to mould the sugarpaste to the cake and board (if desired). Small, quick movements is best for gently easing the paste into place. Be extra careful to avoid catching your fingernails on the icing! When the cake is evenly covered, very gently press a finger along the bottom edge of the cake, to get a clean definition between the cake and the board. Don’t forget to lightly press the icing to the board, too. If you’re not icing the board, just use a knife to carefully remove the excess paste.

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When you are happy with the icing, use a polisher (or the palms of your hands) to bring out a natural sheen on the icing. Use a light, swift touch! Now, if you are icing the board, you will need to remove the excess paste. Angle a polisher as shown, gently but firmly pressing downwards several times on the overlapping icing at the edge of the board, until it starts to come away. As it comes away, run the angled polisher along the edge to continue the process until all the excess paste is removed. You can run the polisher around the edges to smooth any rough looking bits until you are happy with it. Use a dampened piece of kitchen towel to tidy up and remove any remaining bits of sugarpaste from the edge of the board. This is particularly essential if you’re planning to wrap a ribbon around it.

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Applying ribbon: Stick double sided tape all around the edge of the board. Remove the backing tape. Then, starting at the back of the cake, firmly press the ribbon to the sticky tape. The ‘join’ should be at the back of the cake, and you can cut another little strip of tape to stick down the overlapping ribbon. In addition, you can also wrap ribbon around the bottom of the cake if you like – obviously do not actually stick it to the cake! Wrap the ribbon neatly to the cake and just use a little piece of tape on the join instead to hold it in place.

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61 thoughts on “Applying Marzipan & Icing To A Cake: A Step-By-Step Guide”

  • I have cooked a fruit cake for Easter! A Simnel! How many weeks before is it best to marzipan it? About six weeks to go – end of march! Now 21 feb!
    I read,somewhere one week before????
    Thank you!

    • Hi Susan, I would say it depends on whether you are feeding it regularly. If you are, I would marzipan a few days after the last feed – about a week before Easter, as you said. Best of luck! Katy

  • Hi Katty
    This is awesomely handy Am glad that I came across this post. The step by step will easy my life with fondant and marzipan. Thank you once more

  • I am so so glad I found this. I am a absolute beginner to baking. My daughter wants me to make her wedding cake and I have been practising and practising to get the crumb coat and fondant on a cake and failed miserably each time. I could never get it smooth and this has solved all my problems. Thank you so much. I am so relieved 😌

    • Thank you Christine for your lovely message! I’m so happy you’ve found my guide useful. Good luck with the cake, I’m sure it’ll be amazing! x

  • Hi Katy. I made a couple of rich fruit cakes last March for my wedding in May which was cancelled due to Covid. I am now to be married on March 20, 4 weeks away 😲
    I have stored the cakes wrapped in a few layers of glad wrap and foil and have been generously feeding them with brandy each month. Do you think they will be safe to eat? Also is it too soon to marzipan and fondant cover them? Thank you. Sue

    • Hi Sue, that’s a really good question! Unfortunately I’m definitely not qualified to give a definitive answer, but fruit cakes are known for keeping perfectly well when kept for long periods, as long as they are stored correctly and fed with alcohol. Personally I would be tempted to discreetly remove a very small amount and taste it first (you’re going to cover them with marzipan and icing anyway). Assuming the cakes are safe to eat, it should be fine to cover them now. If you’re in any doubt, you still have just enough time to make more cakes! Good luck and congratulations on your wedding!

  • I’ve managed to get to the icing stage, great instructions … phewww first ever Xmas cakes, I’ve made four as gifts. How do I store them pre presenting and post icing? Wrap them in something?

    • Thanks, Lynn 🙂 I buy cardboard cake boxes which can be used to store and present the cakes. For longer storage I would use something simple like a cake tin. I wouldn’t use an airtight container as the cake needs to breathe a bit, but it would be ok for a day if you just need to transport it safely.

    • Hello, yes it’s best to let the marzipan dry out before icing it. Put it in a box (not airtight) for a couple of days then it should be ready to ice.

  • Hello! Not sure if anyone has already posed this , so apologies if I’ve missed something. A friend has asked me to make a fruit Christmas cake for her & her husband and he REALLY doesn’t like marzipan at all (to the point where he didn’t get to eat any of their wedding cake as their baker had put marzipan on the sponge cake) ~ is there any alternative to using marzipan? Thank you

    • Hi Hilary, if you’re icing the cake close to the time it’ll be eaten (no more than a week in advance) you might be able get away with not using marzipan. Over time, moisture from the cake will discolour the icing but it should last a week? I love marzipan so I’m afraid I haven’t tried doing this myself! Alternatively, you could always try using a double layer of sugarpaste as an extra barrier.

      • Thank you Katy……. Sadly I think that this Christmas cake may well end up being an ‘End of Covid (!!)’ cake (when ever that will be…) since we can’t get to see each other! When I get to cover the cake, I may well try the double layer of sugarpaste

  • my mum doesn’t like icing but loves marzipan, would the fondant peel off easily from the marzipan. She wants a Christmas cake decorating white. I normally do it with royal icing but wondering if fondant would be easier. I’m worried it will stick to the marzipan and be hard to remove when she cuts up the cake? She doesn’t just want marzipan on the cake as it dries out. every year i spend hours royal icing it and then she hacks off the royal icing when she cuts the cake up. Any advice would be great thanks

    • Hi Diane. I sympathise with your mum! Like her, I love marzipan but I don’t really like icing. I usually just remove it before eating a slice of cake – it can be tricky to peel it cleanly away from the marzipan, but it’s easy enough to slice it off with a knife, leaving the marzipan mostly intact. If your Mum really isn’t keen on icing, save yourself the effort of decorating with royal icing and just use a simple roll-out icing.

  • I made my first traditional Xmas cake and used this guide to add the marzipan and icing. I have been successful due to this detailed and informative guide. I’m not overly excited by marzipan but the instructions sensibly provided the need for it. I used Dr Oetker marzipan and icing which comes in a 37cm diameter disc. I’m very pleased with the end result because the instructions are much more than how but also why. Thanks.

  • Hi Katy! Advice please . Making my daughters wedding cake 12 10 8 and 6….and she wants the top tier to be fruit cake….allowing for the marzipan thickness should I bake a 4 inch cake or a 5 inch cake? I plan to use a thin layer of buttercream for the other sponge tiers!
    Many thanks

    • Hi Sue, apologies for the delay! I think I would just make the top tier 6″ as planned. The marzipan layer is rolled to a thickness of 0.5cm so it would add approx 1cm to the overall diameter of the cake, which shouldn’t really be too noticeable. Remember to use dowel supports, fruit cakes can be so heavy! Best of luck 🙂

  • Hello Katy 🙂 Thank you so much for these excellent instructions! I only do this once a year so it always good to have a quick refresh! Also, I had never understood the reasoning behind using marzipan……I just know that it always featured from my childhood days. (I’m now a Nana to young Hamish!!) Happy Christmas to you and yours! Liz x

    • Hi Liz, thank you for your lovely comment – I have only just seen it along with the comment above! My apologies. You’re very welcome and I hope you enjoyed your Christmas too. I trust Hamish enjoyed a slice of his Nana’s Christmas cake! x

  • Hello, I see there have been no further comments since December 2018 and it’s now December 2019. However, If there is anyone still reading these comments I would like to ask a question. I made my Christmas fruit cake early November and decided to marzipan it today. I was reading a recipe through for the royal icing and the instructions said that after placing the marzipan on, to brush on any leftover jam then place the royal icing on. Once I’d completed this I wondered I should have dried out the marzipan first? Now I’m worried. Will it all dry out together over the next days until Christmas day? Today is 5th December.

    • Hi Margaret, I’m so sorry your comment got lost in space… I hope your cake was ok in the end. I imagine it would have kept ok for a few weeks. All the best!

  • Hi there, I used honey instead of apricot jam and I’m worried it’ll come off with the icing when I cut into the cake. I haven’t iced the cake yet, I put on the marzipan last night. Should I take it off and start again with apricot jam or do you think it’ll be ok?

    • Hello, oh that’s tricky, I wouldn’t like to say for sure. How long are you storing the cake for? I do know that the sugar content is important when choosing a jam (ie the higher the better) so I would think honey – although unconventional – might well be ok. The jam serves two purposes, to further preserve the cake and to hold the marzipan – I suppose honey would achieve that. My main concern would be that the honey would seep completely into the cake itself after a while, so you might lose the sticky layer that would glue the marzipan on. But if you’re eating it in a few days’ time it probably wouldn’t matter. Let me know what you decide to do! Merry christmas x

  • Hi there
    I found your guide really iseful as this is my first ever baking and icing a xmas cake. Youve andwered my question on how to store the cake after marzipan put on it and then the icing. Glad i found you. From Northern Ireland

  • Hi great info above. Can you tell me how I should store my xmas cake after I marzipan it and ice it with home made royal icing, the cake has been fed with brandy. Many Thanks Jim

    • Hi Jim, glad you found the guide useful! Royal icing sets hard and preserves the cake underneath for a long time – the only thing you really need to be concerned about is keeping the dust off. I would store the finished cake in a cake box in a reasonably cool room (out of sunlight) until you’re ready to eat it. Thanks for stopping by! – Katy

  • Hi I made daughters wedding cake a month ago its rich fruit been feeding every week with brandy today notice its a bit tacky have left it uncovered for wee while any thing else i could do was to marizapan it in couple of weeks wedding is end of december a

    • Hi Adeline, it’s probably just a bit too moist from the brandy, I would leave it for a week (keep it covered though) and check it again. They do become a bit damp to the touch but shouldn’t feel tacky. It should hopefully dry out a little if you take a break from feeding it. Good luck! – Katy

  • Hi, I wondered if you could advise me on my Christmas cake, I baked my cake on the 14th October and it has had 3 generous feedings with Brandy. I don’t really want a cake so alcoholic you should avoid driving afterwards so I wanted to find out if I could marzipan it this weekend (4th November) Then put the fondant icing on and decorate the cake on the 1st weekend in December? I have read that fondant icing should only be used up to a week in advance or it goes strange. Are you able to confirm this for me.

    • Hi Vicki, sorry I missed this! As long as you let the marzipan dry out for a few days after putting it on the cake, you can apply the sugarpaste/fondant well in advance. Nothing strange will happen, as long as you keep the cake in a container. If you leave it uncovered for prolonged periods the sugarpaste just go a bit hard that’s all. Hope this helps.

  • I am going to ice some buns with glace icing for a party and put some heart sprinkles on top. How far in advance can I do this please? Also should I keep them in an airtight container when done or not? Many thanks.

    • Hi Christine, buns won’t keep for more than a few days as they dry out quite quickly. I would make them the day before and ice on the morning of the party, as the colour of the sprinkles can bleed into glace icing, so it’s better to decorate closer to the time of eating. I would keep them in an airtight tub after the icing has had a chance to set. Hope this helps – Katy

  • Katy , I have made a 12″ fruit cake and a 10″ sponge cake for a Christening in 6 weeks time. I have frozen the sponge cake. I’d like to know when I should marzipan the fruit cake and ice it with roll out icing. Also should I marzipan the sponge cake before applying fondant icing. Can you advise please.

    • Hi Jacqui, regarding the fruit cake, it depends on whether you are feeding it. I tend to feed mine on a weekly (sometime fortnightly if I forget!) basis, until around two weeks before it will be eaten. I would then apply marzipan and allow it to dry out for several days before putting on the icing. Assuming the cake contains alcohol, once it is ‘sealed’ with marzipan and icing it will keep for months. If you’re not feeding the cake, I would be inclined to marzipan and ice it immediately as it will be far more likely to dry out without the extra moisture provided by the alcohol. (And if the cake doesn’t contain any alcohol at all, I’m afraid I’m not sure how long it will keep as I don’t have experience of storing non-alcoholic fruit cakes). Regarding the sponge cake, personally I would always prefer to apply marzipan before icing as ultimately it gives a much smoother finish. However lots of people can’t stand marzipan so it’s worth checking before using it! Hope this helps, good luck with the Christening cake!

      • Thankyou for your reply. I have been feeding the fruit cake with alcohol as well as giving the fruit a very good soaking in it before I baked it. I have frozen the sponge cake but unsure as to when I should take it out of the freezer to be able to fill it with butter cream , and then apply the marzipan before covering it with roll out fondant icing and decorating it. The christerning is 6th of may 2018. Thanks for your help. 🤔

        • Hi Jacqui, I’m in the process of doing the exact same thing. I’ve made my fruit cake and have almond iced it. Will cover in homemade fondant icing soon. I have a choc mud cake ganached in the freezer. Just wondering when you took your cake out of the freezer and iced it? Mine is for my Grandaughters Christening. Hope all went well for you!

          • Hi Julie, I don’t know what Jacqui did in the end (hopefully she’ll reply to you in time!) but personally I would aim to eat the cake within five days of defrosting, so get it iced within that time. (Let it come to room temperature before icing). Hope it all goes well for you! I’ve never considered freezing a cake containing ganache, perhaps you could report back and let us know if the consistency etc remains stable after defrosting? Good luck x

  • How about marzipan on a square Christmas cake….. do I have to cut the sides and then join them to the top somehow

    • Hi Carol, some people prefer to roll out and cut a long strip of marzipan to wrap around the sides (or even 4 individual strips for each side – you get a very boxy looking square this way) then do a square piece to place on the top.
      I just use the same method as a round cake, but you do have to be a bit more careful because of the corners. Drape the marzipan over the cake, and (starting at the top of the corners) use the palms of your hands to very gently and slowly mould the marzipan into position. The corners – top to bottom – are the most important parts. If you have an excess ‘fold’ of marzipan along a side, you can slice it and re-join, using a little water. Don’t worry too much about imperfections as you’ll be covering it with icing anyway. Use the marzipan layer as practice for the icing! Good luck and Merry Christmas!

  • Hiya, how long before I need a wedding cake can I ice with ready to roll fondant & how should I store it once its iced? Many thanks x

    • Hi Tanya, it depends what type of cake it is. If it’s a fruit cake (fed with alcohol and marzipanned first), in my experience it would last for several months once iced. If it’s a sponge cake (Victoria or chocolate for example) I wouldn’t make it more than about 4-5 days in advance. Once iced, I would store it in a cardboard cake box (from any cake decorating shop) rather than an airtight container as sometimes the icing can sweat a bit if it’s kept totally airtight for more than a day or two. Hope this helps!

    • Thank you Deb and everyone else for your lovely comments. I’m so glad you found the guide helpful and I really appreciate the feedback!
      Hope your cakes all turned out beautifully ❤️

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